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Texas Criminal Law


Ignorance of the law excuses no man: Not that all men know the law, but because ’tis an excuse every man will plead, and no man can tell how to refute him.
John Selden, English antiquarian & jurist (1584 – 1654)

Any violation of the Texas Penal Code is an offense. The Penal Code seperates offenses into two categories: felonies and misdemeanors.

Texas classifies its felonies into four categories based on the seriousness and the number of offenses committed as follows:

  • Capital felonies – subject to the death penalty or life in prison without parole.
  • First Degree Felonies – punishable by life in prison or a sentence of no more than ninety-nine years and no less than five years in prison and in some cases a fine of up to$10,000.
  • Second Degree Felonies –  subject to punishment by imprisonment of two to twenty years and in some cases a fine of up to$10,000.
  • Third Degree Felonies –  punishable by two to ten years in a state prison and in some cases a fine of up to$10,000.
 

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